World War I at Southwestern University

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Title

World War I at Southwestern University

Description

In 1918, during World War I, the United States War Department created the Student Army Training Corps (SATC) program to help fill positions in the military with trained men. Implemented at hundreds of universities across the nation, the SATC combined both practical and lecture-based military instruction with the general college curriculum. The intended goal was to create a viable population of educated and trained young men who would then join the U.S. military and fight in the war. Southwestern University was one of the colleges with an SATC chapter, which was only active during the fall semester of 1918; Germany’s formal surrender in November rendered its purpose moot. However, as the World War I collection shows, the SATC was a highly valued part of campus life during its existence.

The collection of World War I materials from Special Collections prominently features documentation related to the SATC, which is highlighted here on our site. This collection gives us a clear idea of the amount of effort it took to establish, organize, and run this federal military recruitment program. Among these items are correspondence between individuals and institutions, grade reports, photographs of SATC students, curriculum outlines, and pamphlets. Although military instruction was the impetus for the creation of the program, academics were meant to be the central component of the SATC, as shown by the many education-related pamphlets, notices, and letters. The amount of highly detailed correspondence between various agencies, including Southwestern University, the University of Texas at Austin, the U.S. Naval Reserve, and the War Department, is tangible evidence of the value placed on this program by its founding institutions.

You can also find these items on the University of North Texas's Portal to Texas History.

Source

World War I Collection, Special Collections, Smith Library Center, Southwestern University.

Date

1918

Items in the World War I at Southwestern University Collection

Photo of SATC barracks
Black and white photo of campus building with 'SATC - Barracks' spelled out with rocks in foreground. The back of the photo has 'A bit of SATC work' and 'Student Army Training Corps at SW 1918' written on it.
Georgetown, TX

Photo of SATC men at Induction Ceremony
Black and white photo of a line of men standing in front of a campus building and trees. The back of the photo has written on it, 'During Dr. Bishop's speech at Induction Ceremony.'
Georgetown, TX

Photo of SATC men standing at ease on campus
Black and white photo of SATC men standing in a line at ease in a field in front of campus buildings and trees. The back of the photo has written on it, 'At Ease.' Photos c, d, and e appear to taken in front of the same building in near…

Photo of SATC men crossing in front of campus building
Black and white photo of SATC men marching in a column past a campus building. Georgetown Courthouse visible in distance. The back of the photo has written on it, 'Column Half Right.' Photos c, d, and e appear to taken in front of the same building…

Photo of SATC men standing in columns prior to marching through campus
Black and white photo of SATC men standing in two columns prior to marching with campus buildings and trees in background. On the back of the photo is written, 'Column o' Twos.' Photos c, d, and e appear to taken in front of the same building in near…

Photo of SATC men watching two soldiers in front of campus building
Black and white photo of double line of SATC men standing and watching two soldiers saluting away from them. A campus building is visible in the background. On the back of the photo is written, 'A retreat.'
Georgetown, TX

Photo of columns of SATC men crossing campus
Black and white photo of SATC men crossing through campus towards campus building. Buildings are visible in the distance and small trees are in the foreground. On the back of the photo is written, 'Marching to Induction Ceremonies.'
Georgetown, TX

Photo of small crowd watching speaker
Black and white photo of small crowd of (presumably) the general public and a small brass band watch a soldier who is speaking to the right side of the photo from a podium. Campus buildings are visible in the background. On the back of the photo is…

Photo of three soldiers standing in front of a flagpole
Black and white photo of three soldiers standing at and facing the base of a tall flagpole with flag visible at top. Campus buildings are visible in the background. On the back of the photo is written, 'The thing that makes army life…

Photo of line of SATC men watching soldiers saluting in front of building
Black and white photo of double column of SATC men watching soldiers at front of columns saluting. Campus buildings and trees are visible in the background and foreground. On the back of the photo is written, 'Retreat during Influenza…

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